10 Varicose Veins Prevention Exercises to Protect Your Veins

Varicose veins are a common issue that affects millions of people worldwide. These enlarged and twisted veins can be painful and unsightly, but the good news is that there are steps you can take to prevent them. One of the most effective methods is regular exercise. We’ll explore ten varicose veins prevention exercises that can help protect your veins and improve your overall vascular health.

What Are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are swollen and twisted veins that lie underneath the skin. They are most commonly seen in the legs, most specifically, in the calves.

These varicose veins are commonly caused by weak or damaged vein walls and valves. Inside the veins are one-way valves that open and close to keep blood flowing toward the heart. Blood can pool and even flow backwards in veins due to the damaged valves or walls. This is known as reflux. Varicose veins then develop when veins become enlarged and distorted.

Varicose veins can form when blood pressure inside your veins rises. This can occur as a result of pregnancy, constipation, a tumour, or obesity. You are also more likely to develop varicose veins if you are older, sit or stand for long periods of time, lead an inactive lifestyle, or have a family history of varicose veins or deep vein thrombosis, both of which are types of venous thromboembolism.

You can help prevent them through various varicose veins exercises.

Different Types of Varicose Veins

Before delving into the varicose vein prevention exercises, let’s first get acquainted with the types of varicose veins and what sets them apart from each other.

Here are the different types of varicose veins:

  • Trunk varicose veins – They are swellings of the main trunks or branches of the superficial venous system. These are unpleasant-looking varicose veins that are near the surface of the skin. They cause great discomfort and are often itchy.
  • Reticular varicose veins – They are enlarged, visible subcutaneous veins a few millimetres in diameter. They are palpable when swollen because they are larger than spider veins.
  • Telangiectasia varicose veins – These are sometimes called thread veins or spider veins. They are tiny, swollen veins located beneath the skin. They are so small that they cannot be seen by looking, but when they swell, their outline can be seen through the skin as blue-coloured tracks. The vast majority of them are purely cosmetic in nature.

Varicose Veins Exercise to Promote Healthy Veins

Now that you’re well acquainted with varicose veins, what they are and their characteristics, let’s dive into some varicose veins prevention exercises.


Walking is one of the simplest and most effective exercises for preventing varicose veins. It promotes healthy blood circulation in your legs and strengthens the calf muscles, which helps push blood upwards against gravity. Aim for at least 30 minutes of brisk walking daily.

Leg Lifts

Leg lifts are a great way to strengthen your leg muscles and improve blood flow. Lie on your back, lift your legs one at a time, and hold them in the air for a few seconds. Lower them slowly and repeat for 10-15 reps on each leg.
leg lifts

Ankle Circles

This exercise helps improve ankle flexibility and calf muscle strength. Sit on a chair or the edge of a bed, lift one leg off the ground, and make circular motions with your ankle in both directions for about 30 seconds. Switch to the other leg and repeat.

Bicycle Legs

Lie on your back with your legs in the air. Pretend you’re pedalling a bicycle by moving your legs in a circular motion. This exercise engages your thigh and calf muscles while promoting blood flow.

Calf Raises

Stand with your feet hip-width apart and rise onto your tiptoes, lifting your heels off the ground. Lower your heels slowly and repeat for 15-20 reps. This exercise strengthens your calf muscles, helping to pump blood back up to your heart.


Yoga offers various poses that promote blood circulation and leg strength. Poses like the “Legs Up the Wall” or “Shoulder Stand” can be particularly beneficial for preventing varicose veins.yoga


Swimming is a low-impact exercise that works your leg muscles and improves circulation. The buoyancy of the water reduces the pressure on your veins, making it an excellent choice for varicose vein prevention.


Lunges help strengthen the muscles in your thighs and buttocks, improving blood flow in your legs. Take a step forward with one leg and lower your body until both knees are bent at a 90-degree angle. Repeat on both legs for 10-15 reps.

Resistance Band Exercises

Using resistance bands, you can perform various leg exercises that target your calf muscles and improve circulation. These exercises can be done seated or standing, making them accessible for almost anyone.
Resistance Band Exercises

High-Knee Marches

Stand in place and lift your knees as high as possible with each step, almost like marching in place. This exercise engages your thigh muscles and encourages blood flow in your legs.

Incorporating these varicose veins exercises into your daily routine can go a long way in protecting your veins and promoting overall vascular health. Remember that consistency is key, so aim to exercise regularly and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

When it comes to varicose veins and other types of vein ailments, The Vein Clinic & Surgery is your one-stop centre for vein disease treatment. Talk to us today and our expert in varicose vein treatment will help you address your vascular concerns.

October 16, 2023